Bucharest is the capital of Romania. It is the largest, most populated and most important industrial and commercial center of the country. The stable population of 1,883,425 inhabitants makes Bucharest one of the largest cities in the European Union.
The first mention of the locality appears in 1459. In 1859 it becomes the capital of Romania. Since then it has undergone continuous changes, being the center of the artistic, cultural and media scene. Between the two world wars, the elegant architecture and the elite of Bucharest brought him the nickname "Little Paris". Currently, the capital has the same administrative level as a county and is divided into six sectors.
The settlement is documented on September 20, 1459 in a document issued by Vlad Țepeș, lord of Wallachia. In a short time, Bucharest asserted itself, being elected on October 14, 1465 by Radu cel Frumos as a royal residence. In the years 1558 - 1559, at the Old Court was built the Princely Church, founded by Mr. Mircea Ciobanul, which remains to this day the oldest place of worship in the city preserved in its original form. In 1659, under the reign of Gheorghe Ghica, Bucharest became the capital of Wallachia, by Turkish order, in order to have a capital in the plain area and close to the Danube, easier to control compared to Targoviste.
There are currently two functional airports in Bucharest: Henri Coandă International Airport (originally Otopeni) and Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (originally Băneasa). Henri Coandă is the largest airport in Romania.
One of the most interesting and valuable buildings in Bucharest is the Parliament Palace. Built in Brancoveanu style, with Renaissance, Baroque and Germanic influences, this grandiose building will impress you with its architectural style and the over 1000 rooms it includes. The Arc de Triomphe is a 27 m high monument, built in the northern part of Bucharest, to celebrate the proclamation of the Union. Built between 1921-1922, it was renovated between 1935-1936 and later in 2014. Its parallelepiped shape was made by artists, and the famous Ruschița marble used was carved by local sculptors. The largest concert hall in Romania is the one at the Romanian Athenaeum. This famous building in our country was built in neoclassical and eclectic style, between 1886 and 1888, in the Episcopal Garden. Subsequently, the Athenaeum was restored and modernized between 1994 and 2004, being reopened to the public in 2005. It also houses the headquarters of the "George Enescu" Philharmonic. Our country can be proud of the folk art specific to each area. If you are interested in discovering more information about our traditions, you must visit the Museum of the Romanian Peasant. There you will discover the richest collection of traditional objects in our country, you will admire the unique ceramics exhibitions and various folk costumes from all regions of the country.
The building that houses this unique museum was built in neo-Romanian style and was declared a historical monument. This true palace of art will impress you with its unique architecture, the huge collections of original folk harbors that it hosts and its monastic enclosures.
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